Rock House, located in the Hocking Hills State park, is one of Ohio’s most popular natural history attractions. In addition, Rock House is unique to the Hocking Hills area in that it is the the only true cave in the Hocking Hills State Park.
Rock House, the product of erosion, is situated midway up a 150 foot cliff of Black Hand sandstone. Rock House is approximately 25 feet high, 200 feet long, and 20 to 30 feet wide. Visitors to Rock house will notice 7 window-like openings that allow sunlight into the cave and several large sandstone columns that support the cave’s roof.
Rock House is named so for two reasons. The first reason is that the cave resembles a house and the second reason is that archaeological evidence shows that various groups have used the cave as shelter. Native Americans inhabited the cave and constructed small ovens in the rock walls and dug water troughs in the cave’s floor. Supposedly, during the 1800s, robbers, bandits, and bootleggers hid in the Rock House, leading many local residents to refer to it as “Robbers’ Roost.”
Prior to the establishment of the Hocking Hills State Park, Rock House had long been a local attraction. There are a number of dated carvings in the rock which attest to this long-standing popularity. In 1835, Logan, Ohio businessman F.F. Rempel built a 16-room hotel a short distance away from Rock House. The hotel included a ballroom, livery stable, and even a U.S. post office.